Research

Title Menu category Text Tags Author Year ended
Somatic embryogenesis of conifers Research Topics

The process of plant somatic embryogenesis allows the acquisition of a large number of genetically identical individuals. That fact is used in practice to obtain a rich progeny from a minimal number of seeds. At the same time, somatic embryogenesis is an ideal system for studying the early stages of plant development. Somatic embryogenesis starts by the derivation of embryogenic culture, mostly from zygotic embryos. Embryogenic cultures are cultivated in vitro on precisely defined media, whose composition determines further development of somatic embryos. In conifers the whole process consists of five basic steps - induction of embryogenic culture, proliferation, maturation of somatic embryos, desiccation and germination.

Picea abies, somatic embryogenesis Kateřina Eliášová
Metabolism of polyamines Research Topics

Polyamines (PAs), low molecular mass polycations, are ubiquitous cell components that are essential for normal growth of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Most of the biological functions of PAs can be explained by their polycationic nature, which facilitates interactions with anionic macromolecules (such as DNA and RNA) and negatively charged groups of membranes. They are implicated in a wide range of biological processes including cell division and growth, morphogenesis and differentiation and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. The most abundant PAs in plants are putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm).

polyamines, putrescine, spermidine, spermine Lenka Gemperlová
Former cooperations Cooperation
  • Hebrew University, Institute for Drug Research, Jerusalem, Israel 
  • Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, Strnady, Czech Republic
  • Forestry and Game Management Research Institute, Department of Reproductive Sources, Research station Kunovice, Czech Republic
Kateřina Eliášová
Current cooperations Cooperation
  • National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), Unit for Improvement, Genetics and Forestry Physiology (UR 0588), Orléans, France
  • Institute of Plant Genetics and Biotechnology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Nitra, Slovakia
  • Department of Experimental Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Praha, Czech Republic
  • Institute of Scientific Instruments of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic
  • Department of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Praha, Czech Republic
  • Department of Forest Ecology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Science, Czech University of Life Sciences, Praha, Czech Republic
Kateřina Eliášová
Effects of drought and heat stress on polyamine metabolism in wild type and transgenic tobacco plants Past Projects

Annotation:

The aim of the project was to elucidate the role of proline and polyamines, metabolites with the crucial protective functions, in the stress response of tobacco plants to high temperature and drought.

Characterization of defence response in wild plants and in transgenic plants with modified P5CS gene (P5CSF129A), which codes for the key enzyme of proline biosynthesis, contributed to understanding of the function of these protective elements in plant abiotic stress tolerance.

Milena Cvikrová
The use of biotechnology methods for the preservation and reproduction of autochtonous populations of hurst ecotype of Norway spruces Past Projects

Annotation:

The obtained results contributed to understanding of the role of polyamines and additional biological mechanisms in optimization of the induction of embryogenic lines and somatic embryo conversion of Hurst ecotype of Norway spruce. New knowledge on the genetic diversity of Hurst ecotype of Norway spruce will be used in reproduction the required genotypes.

Milena Cvikrová
The profile of carotenoids in selected apple varieties in relation to storage conditions Past Projects

Annotation:

We extend the information dealt with the concentration and composition of antioxidants in selected apple varieties from IEB. The research activity of the Station of apple breeding is focused on research of resistance against diseases in apples and on breeding of scab resistant and powdery mildew tolerant apple varieties. Breeding for resistance to these diseases has a high priority throughout the world in view of minimizing the use of chemicals in fruit production.

Zuzana Vondráková
Biochemical and morphological parameters determinig cryotolerance in conifer embryogenic cultures Past Projects

Biochemical and morphological parameters determinig cryotolerance in conifer embryogenic cultures.

Martin Vágner
The role of polyamines in the process of plant autophagy Past Projects

Annotation:

The aim of the project is to evaluate the relationship between polyamine metabolism and autophagy in plants. Autophagy will be followed in two experimental systems - in tobacco BY-2 cell culture and in coniferous embryogenic cultures. Firstly, the polyamine metabolism will be monitored during induced autophagy, then the process of autophagy will be studied after exogenous application of higher polyamines or endogenous modulation of polyamine synthesis. The obtained results will contribute to understanding of the function of polyamines in plant autophagy.

Lenka Gemperlová
Role of ABSCISIC ACID.INSENSITIVE3 homologue in abscisic acid signal transduction studied in system of Norway spruce somatic embryogenesis Past Projects

Role of ABSCISIC ACID.INSENSITIVE3 homologue in abscisic acid signal transduction studied in system of Norway spruce somatic embryogenesis.

Lucie Fischerová