Our research group mainly studies the metabolism and physiological functions of growth regulators, polyamines, and phenolic compounds in plants. We investigate the role of these biologically active compounds in plant development and in the response of plants to abiotic stresses.

In our experiments, we use diverse plant systems from whole plants to cell cultures. Our research is primarily focused on the somatic embryogenesis of conifers. Within this topic, we study the regulation of somatic embryo development, the role of phytohormones in somatic embryogenesis, and the effects of abiotic stresses on somatic embryos. We also deal with the in vitro propagation of medicinal cannabis. In particular, we investigate the effect of phytohormones (auxins and cytokinins) added to the culture medium on the process of organogenesis from segments of cannabis plants grown from seeds in vitro​​​​​.

We use a wide array of approaches:

  • Microscopy – light, confocal, and electron microscopy, enhanced by advanced computer image analysis

  • Biochemical methods – studies of activities of enzymes involved in the metabolism of biologically active compounds (e.g. radiometry)

  • Molecular biology methods – specific gene expressions, and transformation of tissue cultures

  • Analytical methods – qualitative and quantitative determination of biologically active compounds by gas- and liquid chromatography in tandem with mass spectroscopic detection (cooperation with the IEB Laboratory of Growth Regulators and Laboratory of Hormonal Regulations in Plants).

Carotenoids and phenolic acids during ripening, harvest and storage in selected scab-resistent and mildew-tolerant apple cultivars

Submitted by Kateřina Eliášová on Fri, 03/05/2021 - 14:15

The aim of this study was to characterise the changes in concentration and composition of antioxidants during ripening, harvest and after 3 and 6 months of storage in three commercially successful scab-resistant and powdery mildew-tolerant apple cultivars selected in the Institute of Experimental Botany. The detailed description of free and glycosylated phenolic acid profiles and content of 6 selected carotenoids - neoxanthin, violaxanthin, antheraxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin and ß-carotene will serve for outcomes of major characteristics of these apple cultivars.

Micropropagation of an ornamental shrub Disanthus cercidifolius Maxim. and using ISSR and flow cytometry

Submitted by Kateřina Eliášová on Tue, 01/05/2021 - 11:57

This study aimed to develop an efficient micropropagation protocol for Disanthus cercidifolius Maxim., an ornamental shrub. Sprouting buds of two genotypes (‘Trubaʼ and ‘PdSʼ) were used as an initial plant material. 

Internal authors

The effect of storage conditions on the carotenoid and phenolic acid contents of selected apple cultivars

Submitted by Kateřina Eliášová on Mon, 07/20/2020 - 15:53

The present study investigated how different storage conditions affect antioxidant levels in three scab-resistant and powdery mildew-tolerant apple cultivars. The contents of carotenoids, along with free and glycosylated phenolic acids, were quantified in harvested apples and apples stored in boxes with controlled atmospheric conditions (1.2% O2 and 2.2% CO2) and temperature (1 °C), boxes with regulated temperature (1 °C) and storage rooms with a temperature between 1 and 4 °C.

Assessment of autophagy in plant cells

Submitted by Kateřina Eliášová on Tue, 04/21/2020 - 14:26

Autophagy is an evolutionary conserved catabolic process deemed to maintain or restore cellular and organismal homeostasis. In plants, basal autophagy is essential for growth and development, it is required for nutrient remobilization during senescence and nutrient deficiency, for removal of organelles and macromolecules formed during plant development or damaged by environmental stresses.

Is phenolic acid content in apples influenced by environmental factors?

Submitted by Kateřina Eliášová on Tue, 04/21/2020 - 14:13

Phenolic compounds (phenylpropanoids with an aromatic ring bearing one or more hydroxyl groups and various other substituents) are produced by plants as secondary metabolites, ranging from simple monomers to very large polymers. Due to their antioxidant activity they play crucial roles in plant defences against both biotic and abiotic stressors, moreover they are an important component of animal diet and they are highly beneficial for human health.